Royal Holloway: Securing connected and autonomous vehicles
In the last decade alone, the technological developments in the automotive industry have brought forward the emergence of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs). Such technologies, however, are subject to both emerging and traditional cyber security threats. This article introduces CAVs and their emergence, analysing the underlying technologies and considering their cyber security vulnerabilities and attacks. We identify and assess the existing and emerging countermeasures for such vulnerabilities, and propose high-level recommendations for the vehicle and communication technologies, and the automotive industry, as a whole.